The Iranian National Jewish Museum in Tehran as a Tourist Attraction is located in the Treasury of the Central Bank of Iran and is also used as a museum. The Iranian national jewelry collection in terms of the value of historical artistic and unique is in such a situation that even the most eager experts and assessors in the world have not been able to calculate its real or approximate value. Among them you can find the diamond of the Sea of Light, Jade Narayeri, Farah Pahlavi crown, Taj Kiani, globe Jewelry Show, Qajar Peacock throne (sun throne) and Nader throne.
The treasures are The Treasury of National Jewelry is a collection of the most expensive jewelry in the world that has been provided throughout the centuries. Each piece of these jewels is part of the great history of the great nation of Iran, and the artistic creativity of the people of this land Which brings bitter memories of defeats, victories, pride and self-expressions, and the supreme commandment with the force and scum of the past rulers. The importance of the jewelry in the "National Jewelry Treasury" is not limited to its economic value, but it reflects the taste of Iranian craftsmen and artists in different periods of history and as a historical heritage, art is the representative of our vast artisanship. These jewels, for the rulers throughout the history of the decree, have been decorated with jewelry, and often show the glory of the court, but it is also considered to be the backbone of the power and treasury of the country.
There is no exact information on the quality and quantity of jewels treasures before the Safavid era, and it can be said that the history of Iranian jewelry begins from the time of the Safavid sultans. How to compile and create the current collection can be summarized as follows:
Before Safavid, there were some jewelry in the state treasury, and according to the writings of foreign visitors (Jan Baptiste Tavernie, Knights Shardin, Shirley brothers, Varnig, and others), the Safavid sultans began to collect about a century (907 to 1148 AH.) Jewels, and even Safavid government experts bought jewels from Indian, Ottoman, and European countries such as France and Italy and brought them to the capital.
Most of the jewelry was transferred to the National Bank of Iran, and then it was backed up by the banknotes.
The current treasury of jewelry was created in 1334 and opened in 1339 with the establishment of the Central Bank of Iran, and was deposited with the bank and is now under protection of the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
From then until Qajar, the remainder of the treasury did not change much. During the Qajar era, a collection of jewels was collected and recorded, and a number of jewels were put into the crown of the Kayani, the Nader throne, the jewelry globe and the peacock bed (sun bed).
There is a lot of talk about this exquisite collection, but one question can not be answered definitively: What is the value of this collection?
No one knows the answer to this question, because in this collection there are no gems that are not in the world at all. In answering this question, we can only say that the Iranian national jewelery collection is artistically, historically and uniquely in a situation in which even the world's foremost experts and assessors have not been able to calculate its real or approximate value.
Jewelry and pieces in the National Jewelry Treasury are classified in 36 closets. The contents of these closets are very diverse and consist mainly of various types of decorative jewelry, crowns and collars, plugs, pots, food caps, hookahs, mirrors, enamel sticks, candlesticks, turquoise, sword, knuckles, shields, watches, calendars , The souvenirs, objects decorated with icons and pearls, rifles, crutches, medals, beds, pins and pins, pearls and ...
Below are some of the famous pieces along with their illustrations and their brief description.
This diamond is ranked first among Iranian national jewels. This diamond of the light sea and the mountain of light diamond, apparently due to the name of the affinity, are continuously a couple, while they are not in common with each other in terms of color and color. Both gems were from the Nader king, but after the death of Nader Shah, Diamond Mount was taken to Afghanistan by Ahmad Shah Durani. After Ahmad Shah, Shah Shojaee was transferred and after the defeat of Shah Shojaee by the head of Hindi, nicknamed the Punjab Lion, the diamond was taken over by the Sardar. The gems later came to the East Indian Company, and they went to court in England and presented to the Queen of Victoria. This jewel is now in the crown of Queen Elizabeth, the mother of the current Queen of England.
The diamond of the Sea of Light, after the slaughter of Nadir Shah, reached his granddaughter, Shahrokh Mirza, and then went to the hands of Lotf Ali Khan Zand. When Lotfali Khan was defeated by Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, the jewel was transferred to the treasury of Qajar jewels.
Nasser-al-Din Shah believed that this jewel was one of the gems of the Cyrus Coronet. And he himself was very fond of this precious jewel when he put it on a hat and sometimes on his chest. It even placed a special position for the preservation of the Sea of Light, and this important honor was given to the nobles and elders of the country.
The light weight of the sea of light is 182 Carat and its color is the pink that is the least rare of diamonds. In the year 1344, when investigating the national jewels by Canadian scientists, a very interesting point was discovered about this jewel:
Tavernie, a well-known French traveler and geyser, spoke of 242 Carat of pink diamonds in his book, pointing out that it had been seen on the east in 1642, describing its map and size in the book. The color and shape of this diamond attracted the attention of Canadian scientists and they believed that the diamond of the sea of light and norraline was essentially a piece of diamond and later it was divided into two parts, the big piece of which was called the light sea, and the small piece. The small piece, which weighs 60 grams, is called neuralein, and now it is located in the middle of the crown of No. 26, closet 26.
Crown used by Reza Khan and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. This crown is made of gold and silver, adorned with diamonds of great Berlian, large emeralds, sapphires and scallops. The crown, on four sides, has four congresses of jagging in the form of the crowns of the Sassanid kingdoms In the middle of it, a golden sun with a diamond radius and a large yellow diamond is installed, behind the same congress is a slippery braid and behind it a swan.
The number of jewels on the crown is as follows: 3380 pieces of diamonds weighing 1144 Carats , 5 pieces of emerald weighing 199 Carats and 2 anes, 2 pieces of purple, weighing 19 Carats and 368 cherries of pearl necklaces. The weight of the crown of velvet and velvet, together, is 4 about two kilos and eighty grams.
The Naderi Paisley is a kind of pre-hat that dates back to the Afsharian era. The pre-hats Paisley is a piece of jewelry that is mounted on the hat of kings and court chiefs. The Paisley used on the hats of the kings used jewelry and decorations differently with other jackets. The use of pre-hats after the Sassanid era became commonplace. In fact, from the Sassanian Empire afterwards, when the use of the crown was not common, they used hats to decorate the helm of kings and rulers. This trend continued until the Qajar dynasty.
In the middle of a Naderi Paisley, a beautiful, coarse and emerald looks like a daisy. The rows of diamonds are located on the top and bottom of the main emerald in the middle, and their ends are hung on the bottom and top of the emeralds of beautiful tears. The entire Paisley is covered with beautiful flamak diamonds in various dimensions. Reza Khan used this Paisley and this effect is made by Iranian jewelry makers. The weight of the jacket is 33 Mithqal.
Fath Ali Shah Crown, known as the Kiani Crown, adorned with diamonds, emeralds, rubies and pearls. This crown was made during the time of Fath Ali Shah and was used by the Qajar kings. This crown is the first crown is made in this way after the Sassanid kingdom.
This globe was created in 1291 AH by the order of Naser-al-Din Shah, by a group of Iranian jewelers under the direction of Abraham Christian of the jewels in the treasury. The net gold used in this sphere is 34 kilograms and the weight of the jewelry is 3656 grams. The total number of jewels installed on the globe is 51,366 pieces. It is difficult to find different countries among the rocks of gems, because its constructive skill in jewelry seems to have been more than drawing. The sea on the globe has been shown by emeralds and drylands by rubbish. Southeast Asia, Iran and the United Kingdom with diamonds, India with clear ruby and central and southern Africa with purple scarlet. Equatorial line and other geographic lines with diamonds are shown. The diameter of the globe is about two feet (66 cm) and is located on a base that is fully decorated with jewels.
Under the command of Fath Ali Shah in 1216 AH, a magnificent and luxurious throne was built in collaboration with the governor of Isfahan with jewelry and gold in the treasury and became known as the Sun throne on the occasion of the role of the sun at the top of the throne.
The Sun throne was called for years under the same name, until Fathali Shah married Tavos Taj al-Dawlah. From the same time on the occasion of her name, the bed became known as the Takhte Tavos(Tavos throne).
Visiting the Treasury of National Jewelry is possible from Saturday to Tuesday from 14:00 to 16:30.
Tehran, Imam Khomeini Square, Ferdowsi Avenue, not reaching the Istanbul Crossroads, Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, National Treasury